• Proposal of Agricultural Drought Re-evaluation Method using Long-term Groundwater Level Monitoring Data
  • ChanDuck Jeong*·ByungSun Lee·GyuSang Lee·JunKyum Kim

  • Korea Rural Community Corportion, Rural Research Institute, Future Rural & Fishing Village Research Lab

  • 장기 지하수위 관측자료를 활용한 농업가뭄 재평가 방안 제언
  • 정찬덕*·이병선·이규상·김준겸

  • 한국농어촌공사 농어촌연구원 미래농어촌연구소

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Since climate factors, such as precipitation, temperature, etc., show repeated patterns every year, it can be said that future changes can be predicted by analyzing past climate data. As with groundwater, seasonal variations predominate. Therefore, when a drought occurs, the groundwater level is also lowered. Thus, a change in the groundwater level can represent a drought. Like precipitation, groundwater level changes also have a high correlation with drought, so many researchers use Standard Groundwater Level Index (SGI) to which the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) method is applied to evaluate the severity of droughts and predict drought trends. However, due to the strong interferences caused by the recent increase in groundwater use, it is difficult to represent the droughts of regions or entire watersheds by only using groundwater level change data using the SPI or SGI methods, which analyze data from one representative observation station. Therefore, if the long-term groundwater level changes of all the provinces of a watershed are analyzed, the overall trend can be shown even if there is use interference. Thus, future groundwater level changes and droughts can be more accurately predicted. Therefore, in this study, it was confirmed that the groundwater level changes in the last 5 years compared with the monthly average groundwater level changes of the monitoring wells installed before 2015 appeared similar to the drought occurrence pattern. As a result of analyzing the correlation with the water storage yields of 3,423 agricultural reservoirs that do not immediately open their sluice gates in the cases of droughts or floods, it was confirmed that the correlation was higher than 56% in the natural state. Therefore, it was concluded that it is possible to re-evaluate agricultural droughts through long-term groundwater level change analyses

Keywords: Groundwater, Groundwater level, SPI, SGI, Drought, Agricultural drought

This Article

  • 2021; 26(4): 27-43

    Published on Aug 31, 2021

  • 10.7857/JSGE.2021.26.4.027
  • Received on Jun 30, 2021
  • Revised on Aug 4, 2021
  • Accepted on Aug 19, 2021

Correspondence to

  • ChanDuck Jeong
  • Korea Rural Community Corportion, Rural Research Institute, Future Rural & Fishing Village Research Lab

  • E-mail: duckiangel@ekr.or.kr