Ayoung, Jeong1·Yunjung, Hyun1*·Eun-jee, Cha1·Jongwon, Kim2
1Group of Water and Land Research, Korea Environment Institute, Sejong 30147, Korea
2College of Global Leaders, Yeongnam University, Kyungsan 38541, Korea
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In order to efficiently manage groundwater resources, it is necessary to establish clear definition about the rights to use groundwater because it directly governs the interests of various stakeholders, from users to policy makers. In this paper, we examined the characteristics of Korea's rights to use groundwater through legal precedents, public recognition, laws, and institutional stipulaton. Inclarity about the scope and definition of the right, and the absence of legal basis ruling the exclusion and duration of groundwater use have entailed numerous cases of legal disputes between the parties with incompetible interests. In the perception survey, various responses were obtained from the surveyee regarding the scope of rights perceived by groundwater users, how to respond to groundwater shortages, and opinions about expanding public uses of groundwater. In Korea, the legal authority to use groundwater is governed by different laws while considering groundwater as both private and public property. In foreign countires, the right to use water is separated from property ownership, and it limits the volume and pumping rate of groundwater during a specified period. In order to better manage groundwater resources, it is necessary to come up with a public consensus on the right to use groundwater by considering the opinions of various stakeholders and accomodating them in adminstrative effort in directing groundwater management.
Keywords: Groundwater use right, Characteristic, stakeholder, management, scope
2023; 28(6): 1-8
Published on Dec 31, 2023
Group of Water and Land Research, Korea Environment Institute, Sejong 30147, Korea