• Preparation of Simultaneous Analysis Method of PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) and Monitoring PAHs in Groundwater
  • Deok Hyun Kim1·Sunhwa Park1·Jong Hyun Yoon1·Hyojung Choi1·Moonsu Kim1·Do Hwan Jeong1·Young Kim2·Hyun-Koo Kim1,*

  • 1National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon 22689, Korea
    2Departmeny of Environmental Engineering, Korea, University

  • 지하수 중 다환방향족탄화수소류(PAHs, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons)의 동시분석법 마련 및 수질실태조사
  • 김덕현1·박선화1·윤종현1·최효정1·김문수1·정도환1·김 영2·김현구1,*

  • 1국립환경과학원
    2고려대학교 대학원 환경공학과


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are organic compounds that tend to persist in environmental media for a long period of time. This work presents a 2-year monitoring study of occurrence of three PAHs (benzo(a)pyrene, naphthalene, and fluoranthene) in groundwater. The groundwater samples were collected from 106 sites of nation’s groundwater quality monitoring network and analyzed by simultaneous analysis method to quantify the concentrations of the PAHs. Benzo(a)pyrene was not detected in all samples. Naphthalene and fluoranthene concentrations ranged from not detected to 12.8 ng/L and not detected to 10.5 ng/L with their detection frequency being 57.8 and 4.2%, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in ground- and drinking waters are not currently regulated in Korea, but the concentration levels of naphthalene and fluoranthene found in this work were lower than the regulatory limits of other countries (naphthalene 0.001~0.07 mg/L, fluoranthene 0.001~1.4 mg/L). The monitoring result of this study revealed that PAHs exist as trace amounts in domestic groundwater, however continuos monitoring is necessary to protect groundwater from PAHs contamination with growing industrialization and urbanization.

Keywords: Benzo(a)pyrene, Fluoranthene, Monitoring, Naphtalene, Simultaneous analysis

This Article

  • 2020; 25(4): 67-76

    Published on Dec 31, 2020

  • 10.7857/JSGE.2020.25.4.067
  • Received on Nov 9, 2020
  • Revised on Nov 11, 2020
  • Accepted on Dec 9, 2020

Correspondence to

  • Hyun-Koo Kim
  • National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon 22689, Korea

  • E-mail: kkh228@korea.kr